高考英语模拟试题

作者:管理员 发布时间:2017-02-07 点击数:482 次 【字体:

中高考补习说明:本套试卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,满分150分。考试时间:120分钟。第Ⅰ卷(三部分,共115分)

  第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
  从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
  21.Whenagiraffe(长颈鹿)has_____drink,ithastostandwithitsfrontlegswideapartinordertoreach_____water.
  A./;/B.a;theC.the;/D./;the
  22.—Excuseme,sir.Doyouhavethetime?
  —_______,itisthreethirteen.
  A.I’mafraidnot
  B.No,I’mbusy
  C.Why,yeah
  D.What
  23.Thepartylastmonthreallygivemealotoffun.SoMrJames,canwehave____thismonth?
  A.anotherB.oneC.itD.other
  24.—Tom,youaresolate.Yououghttohavefinishedtheworkhoursago.
  —Sorry,Iknowit_______.
  A.shouldbeB.musthavebeen
  C.oughttohavedoneD.shouldhavebeen
  25.—Howmuchwillit________myfatherandmetogotoChicago?
  —It’s120inall.
  A.payforB.takeasC.spendD.costfor
  26.Neverbefore____sohighlysuccessfulinhisattemptstochangeslightlytheweatheronaverysmallscale.
  A.manhasbeenB.hasmanbeen
  C.willbemanD.manis
  27.Wecan’twait.Wehaveto____thedirectionandthedistancebeforewetakeaction.
  A.pulloutB.figureoutC.thinkoutD.turnout
  28.Thefamousprofessorhasreceivedtheletter___togivealectureinPrincetonInstitute.
  A.beinginvitedB.tobeinvitedC.invitinghimD.invited
  29.WasitattheaidbattleonJune8,1994,______wasledbyCaptainJohnson____Peterlosthislife.
  A.when;thatB.that;whoC.which;thatD.that;when
  30.Generallyspeaking,themusicofonecountryisquitealotin____withitsculture.
  A.useB.commonC.orderD.same
  31.I’veneverseenanyonerunsofast------______Davidgo
  A.JustwatchB.Justtowatch
  C.JustwatchingD.Justhavingwatched
  32.Thelittleboyisdirtyfromheadtofootbecausehe________inthemudallmorning.
  A.hasplayedB.isplaying
  C.hasbeenplayingD.wasplaying
  33.Thenewdictionariesareveryuseful.They________welland________already.
  A.sell;havebeensoldoutB.sold;hadsoldout
  C.sell;selloutD.aresold;havebeensoldout
  34.You___payyourfineforspeeding.Ifnot,you_____notbeallowedtotakebackyourlicense.
  A.should;canB.must;willC.need;shallD.can;must
  35.TherefellaheavysnowlastDecember,andthisyear_________agoodharvest.
  A.provesB.meansC.allowsD.promises
  第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
  It’shardbeinganastronaut’sson.I_36_,everybodyexpectsyoutobespecialor__37__,andI’mjustanaveragestudent,andI’maverage,too,whenit__38__basketball,football,soccer,andbaseball.
  Ioftenwonder_39__myfathereverhadasonlikeme.Imeanhe’sso__40_andsogoodateverything.SoIusedtodreamaboutdoingsomethingspectacularto___41_myfatherandmakehim_42__me.
  Inoneclass,myteacher__43__aFather’sDayessaycontestforusandthewinners’essayswouldbereadinfrontofalltheparentsandstudents.AfterschoolIwalkedhome,__44_myfather,whoIwouldwriteaboutinmyessay.
  Hesatwithmeinthe___45_whenIwasalittlekidandhadanightmare.He___46__mewithanewpuppyatmyeighthbirthdayparty.Hesatandtriedto__47__deathtomewhenGrandpaBobdied.Tome,hewasn’taworld-famousastronaut,justmydad.
  Iwroteaboutallthese__48_inmyessay.
  Oneofourneighborssaid,“I__49__you’llwinthecontest,David.You'retheonlyoneintownwhocouldwriteaboutbeingthesonofanastronaut.”
  I__50__Ihadn’tshownanyonetheessay,butnowIalmosthopedIwouldn’twin.Ididn’twanttowinjust__51__myfatherwasanastronaut.
  Iwonthesecondprize.WhenIfinishedreadingmyessay,the__52__applauded.Isawmyfatherblowinghisnose.Iwentbacktomyseat.
  Dadnoddedtome,__53__histhroat,andputhishandonmyshoulder.“Son,thisisthe__54___momentofmylife,”hesaid.
  Itwastheproudestmomentofmylife,too.MaybeI’llneverbeagreatheroorwinaNobelPrize,butjustthen,itwas__55__justtobemyfather’sson.
  36.A.meanB.sayC.knowD.believe
  37.A.strangeB.honestC.perfectD.formal
  38.A.referstoB.relateswithC.talksaboutD.comesto
  39.A.whyB.howC.whetherD.when
  40.A.normalB.funnyC.specialD.unique
  41.A.shockB.influenceC.attractD.impress
  42.A.proudofB.interestedinC.satisfiedwithD.ashamedof
  43.A.reportedB.announcedC.claimedD.warned
  44.A.caringaboutB.worryingaboutC.thinkingaboutD.complainingabout
  45.A.silenceB.threatC.horrorD.dark
  46.A.pleasedB.astonishedC.supportedD.encouraged
  47.A.describeB.explainC.declareD.remark
  48.A.experimentsB.incidentsC.detailsD.memories
  49.A.wishB.guessC.betD.promise
  50.A.smiledB.noddedC.doubtedD.shrugged
  51.A.becauseB.ifC.whileD.as
  52.A.parentsB.audiencesC.studentsD.teachers
  53.A.cleanedB.blewC.clearedD.opened
  54.A.bestB.proudestC.finestD.greatest
  55.A.naturalB.honorableC.importantD.enough
  第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
  (A)
  Someresearchersclaimthatpeople´spersonalitiescanbeclassifiedbytheirbloodtypes.IfyouhavebloodtypeO,youarealeader.Whenyouseesomethingyouwant,youstrivetoachieveyourgoal.Youarepassionate,loyal,andself-confident,andyouareoftenatrendsetter.Yourenthusiasmforprojectsandgoalsspreadstootherswhohappilyfollowyourlead.Whenyouwantsomething,youmayberuthlessaboutgettingitorblindtohowyouractionsaffectothers.Anotherbloodtype,A,isasocial,“people”person.Youlikepeopleandworkwellwiththem.Youaresensitive,patient,compassionate,andaffectionate.Youareagoodpeacekeeperbecauseyouwanteverybodytobehappy.Inateamsituation,youresolveconflictsandkeepthingsonasmoothcourse.SometimestypeAsarestubbornandfinditdifferenttorelax.Theymayalsofindituncomfortabletodothingsalone.
  PeoplewithtypeBbloodareusuallyindividualistswholiketodothingsontheirown.Youmaybecreativeandadaptable,andyouusuallysayexactlywhatyoumean.Alsoyoucanadapttosituations,youmaynotchoosetodosobecauseofyourstrongindependentstreak.Youmaypreferworkingonyourowntobeingpartofateam.ThefinalbloodtypeistypeAB.IfyouhaveABblood,youareanaturalentertainer.Youdrawpeopletoyourbecauseofyourcharmandeasygoingnature.ABsareusuallycalmandcontrolled,tactfulandfair.Onthedownside,though,theymaytaketoolongtomakedecisions.Andtheymayprocrastinate,puttingofftasksuntilthelastminute.
  56.PeoplewithtypeOwilldothefollowingthingsexcept____.
  A.directaboardB.burnthenight´soil
  C.beconsiderateD.self-oriented
  57.WhichofthefollowingisnotthefeatureoftypeA?
  A.Stubborn.B.Sensitive.C.Reserved.D.Patient.
  58.WhatisNottruetotypeB?
  A.Helikestoworkbyhimself.
  B.Hedoesn’tthinkmuchbeforehespeaks.
  C.Hehasmanyoriginalideas.
  D.Hecannotfitinwiththeenvironment.
  59.ThebestprofessionforatypeABis____.
  A.MusicianB.PeacekeeperC.ActorD.Spokesman
  (B)
  Thefollowingarefourformsaboutmedicine.Howtousethemedicineisveryimportant.Nevertakeanybymistake.
  1)Takethemedicinewithwater,followedbyonetableteveryeighthours,asrequired.Forfurthernight-timeandearlymorning,taketwotabletsatbedtime.Donottakemorethansixtabletsin24hours.ForChildrensixtotwelveyearsold,gotoyourdoctorforadvice.Reducedosageifnervousness,restlessnessorsleeplessnesstakesplace.
  2)Eachpillofthemedicinetakenthreetimeseverydayforfourteenyearsold.Asusual,apill6∶00a.m.,beforebreakfast,onebefore11∶00andonebeforesleep.Notforchildrenundersixyearsoldandoldpersonswithheartattack.
  3)Themedicineforapersonwithafever.Oncetwopillsadaybeforesleepforadult.Nottakethemedicinewithoutfever.HalfforChildrenunder12yearsold.Childrenwithahighfever,gotoseeadoctor.
  4)Themedicinetakenthreetimesaday,oncefivepillsforadultwithacold.Halfofthepillsforchildren10yearsold.Takethemedicinebeforebreakfast,lunch,supperorbeforesleep.
  60.Obviouslyakindofmedicinecan’tbeproperfor________,judgingfromtheinformation.
  A.childrenovertwelveyearsold
  B.someoldpersonswithafever
  C.someoldpersonswithheartattack
  D.neitheradultsnorheartattack
  61.Whenapersonhasacold,hehadbetter________.
  A.haveaboutmorethanfourteenpillsaday
  B.havetwiceaday
  C.havefourtimesaday
  D.haveninepillsaday
  62.Howmanykindsofmedicineareusedforthechildrensixyearsold?
  A.Allofthem.
  B.Threekindsofmedicine.
  C.Twokindsofmedicine.
  D.Almostnotanymedicine.
  (C)
  Globalwarmingthreatenstoholdbackhumanprogress,andmakeunachievableallUNtargetstoreducepoverty,accordingtosomeoftheworld’sleadinginternationalanddevelopmentgroups.
  Inareportpublishedtoday,Oxfam,Greenpeace,ChristianAid,FriendsoftheEarth,WWFand15othergroupssayrichgovernmentsmustimmediatelyaddressclimatechangetoavoideven“unbearablelevels”ofworldwidepoverty.
  “Foodproduction,watersupplies,publichealthandpeople’slivingenvironmentarealreadybeingdamaged,”thereportsays.“Theworldmustmeetitspromisetoachievepovertyreductionandalsodealwithclimatechange.”
  Thereport,whichdrawsonUNpredictionsoftheeffectsofclimatechangeinpoorcountriesoverthenext50years,sayspoorcountrieswillexperiencemoreflooding,decliningfoodproduction,morediseaseandtheworseningordisappearingofentireecosystems(生态系统)onwhichmanyoftheworld’spoorestpeopledepend.
  “Climatechangeneedstobeaddressednow.Thepoorwillbeartheburdenofit.Thefrontlineexperienceofmanyofusworkingininternationaldevelopmentindicatesthatcommunitiesarehavingtofightagainstmoreextremeweatherconditions.”
  Climatechangewillplayhavoc(浩劫)withagricultureandwatersuppliesandwillincreasediseases.“By2025theproportionoftheworld’spopulationlivingincountriesofgreatwaterstresswillalmostdouble,to6billionpeople.Tropicalandsub-tropicalareaswillbehardesthit—thosecountriesalreadysufferingfromfoodshortage”.
  Poorcountriesmostlydonotneedhigh-techsolutions,butwouldmostbenefitfromeducation,researchandbeingshownhowtofarmbetter.Thereportsaysuncheckedglobalwarming,morethanwarsorpoliticalconfusion,willdisplacemillionsofpeopleanddestabilize(不安定)manycountries.
  63.________shouldplayaleadingroleinresistingthemoreextremeweatherconditionsaccordingtothereport.
  A.InternationalgroupsB.Poorcountries
  C.RichcountriesD.Tropicalandsub-tropicalcountries
  64.Whichofthefollowingisnottheeffectofglobalwarmingaccordingtothereport?
  A.Morenaturaldisastersandstarvation.
  B.Increasingtheworld’spopulation.
  C.Makingmillionsofpeoplemovetootherplaces.
  D.Shakingthefoundationofacountry.
  65.Whichofthefollowingisnottrueaccordingtothetext?
  A.Povertyandclimatechangearecloselylinked.
  B.Moreandmorepeoplewillsufferfromthewaterstressandfoodshortage.
  C.Whatthepoorcountriesneedbadlyishightechnology.
  D.Internationalcommunitieshavetotakestepstoresistthebadclimate.
  66.Whatisthebesttitleofthepassage?
  A.InternationalDevelopmentBringsinClimateChange
  B.GlobalWarmingIsaBiggerThreattoPoor
  C.InternationalGroupsWorkTogethertoReducePoverty
  D.WorldwidePovertyShallBeAvoided
  (D)
  Americaisgrowingolder.Fifty-eightyearsago,only4outofevery100peopleintheUnitedStateswere65orolder.Today,10outofevery100Americansareover65.Theagingofthepopulationwillaffect(影响)Americansocietyinmanyways—education,medicine,andbusiness.Quietly,thegrayingofAmericahasmadeusaverydifferentsociety—oneinwhichpeoplehaveaquitedifferentideaofwhatkindofbehavior(行为)issuitable(合适)atvarious,ages.
  Apersonsagenolongertellsyouanythingabouthis/hersocialposition,marriageorhealth.There’snolongeraparticularyearinwhichonegoestoschoolorgoestoworkorgetsmarriedorstartsafamily.Thesocialclockthatkeptusontimeandtolduswhentogotoschool,getajob,orstopworkingisn’tasstrongasitusedtobe.Itdoesn’tsurpriseustohearofa29-year-olduniversitypresidentora35-year-oldgrandmother,ora70year-oldmanwhohasbecomeafatherforthefirsttime.Publicideasarechanging.
  Manypeoplesay,“Iammuchyoungerthanmymother—ormyfather—wasatmyage.”Noonesays“Actyourage”anymore.We’vestoppedlookingwithsurpriseatolderpeoplewhoactinyouthfulways.
  67.ItcanbelearntfromthetextthattheagingofthepopulationinAmerica________.
  A.hasmadepeoplefeelyounger
  B.haschangedpeople’ssocialposition
  C.haschangedpeople’sunderstandingofage
  D.hassloweddownthecountry’ssocialdevelopment
  68.Theunderlinedword“one”refersto________.
  A.asocietyB.America
  C.aplaceD.population
  69.“Actyourage”meanspeopleshould________.
  A.beactivewhentheyareold
  B.dotherightthingattherightage
  C.showrespectfortheirparentsyoungorold
  D.takemorephysicalexercisesuitabletotheirage
  70.Ifa25-year-oldmanbecomesgeneralmanagerofabigfirm,thewriterofthetextwouldmostprobablyconsiderit________.
  A.normalB.wonderful
  C.unbelievableD.unreasonable
  (E)
  Thewaypeopleholdtothebeliefthatafun-filled,painfreelifeequalshappinessactuallyreducestheirchancesofeverattainingrealhappiness.Iffunandpleasureareequaltohappinessthenpainmustbeequaltounhappiness.Butinfact,theoppositeistrue:moreoftenthannotthingsthatleadtohappinessinvolvesomepain.
  Asaresult,manypeopleavoidtheveryattemptsthatarethesourceoftruehappiness.Theyfearthepaininevitablybroughtbysuchthingsasmarriage,raisingchildren,professionalachievement,religiouscommitment(预担的义务),self-improvement.
  Askabachelor(单身汉)whyheresistsmarriageeventhoughhefindsdatingtobelessandlesssatisfying.Ifheishonesthewilltellyouthatheisafraidofmakingacommitment.Forcommitmentisinfactquitepainful.Thesinglelifeisfilledwithfun,adventure,excitement.Marriagehassuchmoments,buttheyarenotitsmostdistinguishingfeatures.
  Coupleswithinfantchildrenareluckytogetawholenight’ssleeporathree-dayvacation.Idon’tknowanyparentwhowouldchoosethewordfuntodescriberaisingchildren.Butcoupleswhodecidenottohavechildrenneverknowthejoysofwatchingachildgrowuporofplayingwithagrandchild.
  Understandingandacceptingthattruehappinesshasnothingtodowithfunisoneofthemostliberatingrealizations.Itliberatestime:nowwecandevotemorehourstoactivitiesthatcangenuinelyincreaseourhappiness.Itliberatesmoney:buyingthatnewcarorthosefancyclothesthatwilldonothingtoincreaseourhappinessnowseemspointless.Anditliberatesusfromenvy:wenowunderstandthatallthosewhoarealwayshavingsomuchfunactuallymaynotbehappyatall.
  71.Accordingtotheauthor,abachelorresistsmarriagechieflybecause________.
  A.heisreluctanttotakeonfamilyresponsibilities
  B.hebelievesthatlifewillbemorecheerfulifheremainssingle
  C.hefindsmorefunindatingthaninmarriage
  D.hefearsitwillputanendtoallhisfunadventureandexcitement
  72.Raisingchildren,intheauthor’sopinionis________.
  A.amoralduty
  B.athanklessjob
  C.arewardingtask
  D.asourceofinevitablepain
  73.Fromthelastparagraph,welearnthatenvysometimesstemsfrom________.
  A.hatredB.misunderstanding
  C.prejudiceD.ignorance
  74.Tounderstandwhattruehappinessisonemust________.
  A.haveasmuchfunaspossibleduringone’slifetime
  B.makeeveryefforttoliberateoneselffrompain
  C.putupwithpainunderallcircumstances
  D.beabletodistinguishhappinessfromfun
  75.Whatistheauthortryingtotellus?
  A.Happinessoftengoeshandinhandwithpain.
  B.Onemustknowhowtoattainhappiness.
  C.Itisimportanttomakecommitments.
  D.Itispainthatleadstohappiness.
  第Ⅱ卷(共35分)
  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
  第一节:对话填空
  阅读下面对话,掌握其大意,并根据所给首字母的提示,在标有题号的右边横线上写出一个英语单词的完整、正确形式,使对话通顺。
  W:Tellme,Jack.Doyoulookt1theWebmuch?
  M:Well,totellyouthet2,I’msobusywithwork.Idon’treallyhavemuchtimetos3theWeb.Letmethink…Is4Ilogonacoupleoftimesaweek,forabouttwoorthreehours.
  W:So,Whatdoyoudoo5theInternetwhenyoulogon?
  M:WellIdoalittlee-mailing.Ionlygetabouttwoorthreee-mailsaweek.
  ActuallyIp__6writingrealletters,withpenandpaper.
  W:Yeah,I’mthesameway.Anythinge7youdoontheInternet?
  M:Well,sometimesIlookupi8Ineedformyjob.Its9alotoftimelookingthroughbooksinlibraries.
  W:Yes,itsured10.
  第二节:作文
  可持续发展已成为全球共识,如何实行可持续发展是摆在世人面前的重大问题。请就下面表格所提供的内容进行陈述并谈谈你的看法。
  目前的状况
  1.自然资源日趋减少
  2.环境问题依然严重
  3.人的环保观念淡薄
  4.贫富差距越来越大
  已采取的措施
  1.制定了相关的法律法规
  2.投入了大量的资金改善环境
  3.对民众进行教育
  4.加强了国际间相互合作
  你的看法
  ……
  注意:
  1.不要逐条翻译。
  2.可适当发挥
  3.词数:150左右
  4.文章的开头部分以给出
  5.参考词汇:差距gap相关法律relevantlaws
  Theideaofsustainabledevelopmenthasbeenacceptedbytheworld.Howtokeepsustainabledevelopmentisabigproblemfacingourplanet,…
  ____________________________________________________________________________
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  参考答案及解析:
  第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分
  21.B.haveadrink(喝水)是固定搭配。Water应是指长颈鹿要喝的水,故前面要加the表示特指。
  22.Chavethetime有两个意思,一是“能有时间吗”。二是“知道现在几点了吗”?从答语的后半部分来看,是问时间。所以从对话的语境来看,A、B、D项都不合适。C项中的why是一个表示不耐烦、反驳意义的感叹句,不表示疑问意义。
  23.Aanother表示又一,再一
  24.D分析句意可知道,该题为虚拟语气结构,表示与过去事实相反,意为应该完成却未完成,含有自我指责的意思。
  25.D提示:Itcosts(sb.)somemoneyforsbtodosth.意为“某人做某事花费了一些钱”。还可以说:sthcostssb.somemoney.
  26.B由neverbefore可知,句子应该用完成时态,表示否定意义的词放在句首,句子应用部分倒装结构。
  27.B提示:pullput火车出站,退出,撤退。Figureout弄清楚。Thinkout想出,设计出。Turnout证明是
  28.C提示:现在分词作定语,修饰theletter,表示“信中邀请他…..”的意思。
  29.C第一空为非限制性定语从句,用which,指代先行词theairbattle;第二空为强调句型,用that.
  30.Bsthincommonwithsb/sth固定搭配
  31.A破折号起解释作用,其后应该加一个提示别人看David跑得如何快的祈使句。
  32.C提示:由“…isdirty”和“allmorning”可知,小孩一直在玩。过去的动作一直延续到现在并且还在进行应用现在完成进行时表示。
  33.A提示:“动词+副词(well,easily,quickly等)”中的动词不必用被动式,这类动词有read,wash,sell,open,shut,clean,bum,pull,draw等。
  34.B提示:第一空表“必须”,第二空表将来。
  35.D。区分动词词义:promise意为“预示,有……的希望或征兆”;prove意为“证明(是),原来是”;mean意为“意味着,打算”;allow意为“允许,承认”。
  第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  解读:有一个当宇航员的父亲,生活并不是容易的,人们都期盼你与众不同。在一次作文比赛中作者却不是写当宇航员的父亲,而是写一个生活中的父亲,父亲为此感到自豪。
  36.A。用mean来解释前一句的意思。
  37.C。perfect杰出的,完美的。此句意为“每个人都认为你应该与众不同或者完美”。
  38.D。whenitcomesto说到,谈到,为固定搭配。注意这里it为形式主语。
  39.B。句意:我有时候会想父亲怎么会有我这样的儿子呢。
  40.C。句意:父亲是如此的特别,擅长任何事。
  41.D。impress给人以深刻印象。
  42.A。句意:希望能够做出特别的事情来给父亲留下印象,并让他以我为骄傲。
  43.B。announce宣布。此处意为:老师向我们宣布了一件事即让我们写关于父亲的作文。
  44.C。放学回家的时候,作者想着父亲的一切,决定写什么。
  45.D。dark对应nightmare。
  46.A。作者八岁生日时,父亲买回小狗,作者感到惊喜。
  47.B。作者父亲向他解释死亡是怎么一回事。
  48.D。此空上面四句话都属于作者的回忆。
  49。C。bet打赌。邻居确信作者会得奖,因为他是唯一一个可以写宇航员父亲的人。
  50.D。shrug耸肩,表示不置可否或不同意。
  51.A。作者不想因为自己父亲是宇航员才获奖。
  52.B。当我读完文章,下面的观众都为我鼓掌。
  53.C。父亲清了一下喉咙。说明父亲借此掩饰自己的激动。
  54.B。这是作者父亲一生中最自豪的时刻,文章最后一段首句也有暗示。
  55.D。虽然不能成为英雄或获得诺贝尔奖,但此时能作为父亲的儿子就足够了。
  第三部分:阅读理解
  56.C原文谈到O型血的人作领导,会尽力做好想做的事情,又十分自信。但不太在意别人的感受。因而答案选C。
  57.C原文第三段有相关信息。
  58.D原文第四段说明B型血的人是有适应性并能够适应环境的。
  59.C本文最后一段提及AB血型的人是天生的演艺人员。因而答案选C。56.D提示:俄罗斯青年对中国文化感兴趣,总统的一个女儿也在学习汉语,这说明两国关系正常,相互信任。
  60.C提示:题干要求判断所给选项中哪类人不适合服用此种药品,根据2)中“NotforChildrenundersixyearsoldandpersonswithheartattake”可知应选C.
  61.A提示:根据药品说明书中4)可知,一位患了感冒的成年人,一次可服用此药五片,每日三次,可以在三餐之前或睡觉前服用。由此可排除B、C、D选项,答案为A。
  62.D提示:题干考查有多少种药物适合6岁儿童服用,根据药品说明书1)中的“ForChildrensixtotwelveyearsold,gotoyourdoctorforadvice”2)中的“Notforchildrenundersixyearsoldandoldpersonswithheartattack”3)中的“HalfforChildrenunder12yearsold.Childrenwithahighfever,gotoseeadoctor.”可知答案为D。
  63.C细节题。根据第二段中的“richgovernmentsmustimmediatelyaddressclimatechangetoavoideven"unbearablelevels"ofworldwidepoverty”一句的意义可知:财力富足的政府必须立即致力于改变日益恶化的气候条件,以免全球范围内的贫穷上升到无法忍受的程度。由此可判断富裕国家应该起主导作用。
  64.B归纳题。文章第四段提到:气候变化将导致愈演愈烈的洪灾,不断衰减的粮食生产,疾病的威胁以及整个生态系统的退化甚至消失。文章最后一句又说:尚未得到抑制的全球变暖比战争和政变更可怕,它将迫使数百万人口迁移,动摇很多国家的安定局面。而B项在短文中没有提及。
  65.C判断题。短文最后一段表述的意义是:对贫穷的社会来说,它们几乎不需要高科技的解决方案,但是教育、科研以及教授更好地耕作方式将使它们受益最多。此据判断可知。
  66.B主旨题。短文第一段第一句就表述了全文的中心,其意义是:据全球主要的国际发展组织推测,全球变暖不但威胁着人类发展的进程,有可能使之倒退,而且联合国所有减少贫穷的目标和计划都将无法实现。由此可简述为:全球气候变暖加剧贫穷。
  67.C提示:短文将美国社会拟人化,把age和gray这两个常用作名词的词当做动词用时,比喻美国社会人口的老龄化,并说明了人口老龄化给整个社会,特别是给人们对年龄问题的理解带来的变化。
  68.A提示:one用以代替上文中所提到过的一个名词a(different)society,是泛指的用法,并不特指美国社会。
  69.B提示:“Actyourage”就是第一段最后一句话中所提到的ideaofwhatkindofbehaviorissuitableatvariousages.在不同的年龄什么样的行为是合适的。
  70.A提示:此题为一主观题,要求考生判断作者态度。第二段的最后两句话和最后一段的最后一句都反映了作者的态度,“Itdoesn’tsurpriseustohearof…”和“We’vestoppedlookingwithsurpriseat…”。由于人们对年龄问题的观点的变化,25岁的年轻人成为一家大公司的总经理已不再令人惊讶。
  71.A提示:本文是一篇议论文,阐述了幸福的获得这一严肃话题,试图澄清人们在幸福问题上的一些误解。本题要求学生判断单身汉拒绝结婚的主要原因。依据文章第3段第1行“Askabachelorwhyheresistsmarriageeventhoughhefindsdatingtobelessandlesssatisfying.Ifheishonesthewilltellyouthatheisafraidofmakingacommitment”(……害怕作出对义务的承诺,即不愿承担义务)。A项与之等同,故正确。
  72.C提示:依据文章第4段第1句“带有婴儿的父母要是能睡上一整晚觉或度一个三天的假日,那真是太幸运了。在我认识的人中,不会有人用fun(好玩)来描述他们抚养孩子的感受”,似乎会认为作者的意图是B项(出力不讨好,毫无回报的事)或D项(不可避免的痛苦来源)。实际上,作者真实想法应在第2句中体现:但是决定不生孩子的夫妻永远也体会不到看着孩子成长以及和孙子玩耍的那种乐趣、那种欣喜。这种乐趣、欣喜实际就是一种回报。所以选项C正确。
  73.B提示:依据文章最后一句“Anditliberatesusfromenvy:wenowunderstandthatallthosewhoarealwayshavingsomuchfunactuallymaynotbehappyatall.”说明:我们现在的这种理解就可免除嫉妨,那么反过来,嫉妨产生于我们的理解不当,即misunderstanding,故选项B正确。
  74.D提示:依据文章第1段第1句“Thewaypeopleholdtothebeliefthatafun-filled,painfreelifeequalshappinessactuallyreducestheirchancesofeverattainingrealhappiness”(人们坚持充满趣味、毫无痛苦的生活就等于幸福这一信条实际上减少了他们获得真正幸福的可能性)。再依据文章最后一句“…allthosewhoarealwayshavingsomuchfunactuallymaynotbehappyatall”(……生活中总是有如此多的fun的人实际上也许一点都不幸福)。可以看出要理解真正的幸福是什么就必须把fun和happiness区分开来。因为两者绝不等同。故选项D正确。C项应该是回答“怎样才能获得真正的幸福”这一问题,且作者并没在文中明确提到获得快乐就必须在任何情况下都忍受痛苦。
  75.A提示:作者的意图出现在第1段最后一句:“Butinfact,theoppositeistrue:moreoftenthannotthingsthatleadtohappinessinvolvesomepain”(……事实上,导致你幸福的事情多半伴随着痛苦),故选项A符合题意。
  第四部分:写作
  第一节:对话填空
  1.through析:根据固定搭配lookthrough意为“浏览”。
  2.truth析:totellthetruth是固定用法,作插入语。
  3.surf析:surftheWeb意为“上网”。
  4.suppose析:从上文中的think可知。
  5.on析:在网上用介词on,另外,下文可找到答案。
  6.prefer析:从上文中doalittlee-mailing,可知更喜欢写信。
  7.else析:从下文可知上网做其它的事。
  8.information析:找工作应查阅有关信息。
  9.saves析:上网速度快,节省时间。
  10.does析:表强调“的确如此”。
  第二节:范文参考答案
  Onepossibleversion:
  Theideaofsustainabledevelopmenthasbeenacceptedbytheworld.Howtokeepsustainabledevelopmentisabigproblemfacingourplanet.
  Thepresentsituationisworrying.First,naturalresourcesarebecominglessthanbefore.Second,assomepeoplearenotawareoftheimportanceoftheenvironmentalprotection,theproblemswithitremainextremelyserioustosomedegree.Thegapbetweentherichandthepoorhasthetendencytobecomewiderandwider.
  Toourgreatjoy,manycountrieshavetakenaction.Ononehand,theyhavemaderelevantlawsandregulationsandputlargeamountsofmoneytotheenvironmentalprotection.Onetheotherhand,popularizededucationaswellasinternationalcooperationisbeingcarriedout.
  Asformyself,Ishouldtaketheresponsibilitytodevotemyselftosustainabledevelopment,ourfutureandthelivesofourchildrenandourgrandchildrenwillbeindanger.c

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