八年级英语期中试题及答案

作者:管理员 发布时间:2017-02-02 点击数:917 次 【字体:

中考补习一、听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息(每小题1分,共5分)

  1.A.gameshowsB.talkshowsC.talentshows
  2.A.thebestB.theworstC.theworse
  3.A.longerB.shorterC.smarter
  4.A.oftenB.usuallyC.never
  5.A.anythingB.somethingC.anyone
  二、听句子,选择与所听句子意思相符或相近的选项(每小题1分,共5分)
  6.A.Mathisourfavoritelesson.
  B.Wedon'tlikethemathlessonatall.
  7.A.Giveyourphotostomewhenyoucomeback.
  B.Showyourphotostomewhenyoureturn.
  8.A.Ilikethepandasbetterthanthemonkeys.
  B.Themonkeysarebetterthanthepandas.
  9.A.Sometimesmyfathertakesthebustowork.
  B.Myfatheralwaysgoestoworkonfoot.
  B.MrLiworksinahospital.
  三、听对话及问题,选择最佳答案(每小题1分,共5分)
  11.A.48.B.28.C.20.
  12.A.NextTuesday.B.NextWednesday.
  C.NextThursday.
  13.A.Atruck.B.Abus.C.Acar.
  14.A.Threedays.B.Fourdays.C.Fivedays.
  15.A.InBeijing.B.InShanghai.C.InNanjing.
  四、听短文,根据听到的内容判断正(A)误(B)(每小题1分,共5分)
  16.Theticketswerecheap.()
  17.Susanlikesmusicverymuch.()
  18.MissLiishermathteacher.()
  19.AllthestudentslikeMissLi.()
  20.EverydaySusangetsupearly.()
  第Ⅱ卷笔试部分(100分))
  五、单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)
  21.Wehad________vacationlastsummerand________vacationwasenjoyable.
  A.an;aB.a;theC.the;aD.an;the
  22.AlthoughIwanttobuyacomputer,________Idon'thaveenoughmoney.
  A./B.butC.soD.and
  23.—Ashipwith456peoplesankintheChangjiangRiveronthenightofJune1.
  —Icould________controlmyfeelingsatthemoment.
  A.reallyB.hardlyC.nearlyD.clearly
  24.Lucy'spantsarethesame________Lingling's.Buthersweaterisdifferent________Lingling's.
  A.to;fromB.as;withC.with;withD.as;from
  25.Seeingsomanypeopleonthestreet,Tracystopped________alook.
  A.tohaveB.haveC.havingD.has
  26.I________thesitcom.It'stoolong.
  A.likeB.don'tmind
  C.can'tstandD.love
  27.Myhometownisbecomingmoreandmorebeautifulwithtreesandflowerson________sidesoftheroad.
  A.allB.both
  C.neitherD.either
  28.—WhydoallthestudentslikeLucy________thanLily?
  —BecauseLucyis________thanLily.
  A.better;friendlierB.better;friendly
  C.best;friendliestD.best;friendly
  29.—________wouldyouliketochoosetolivein,Chengdu,BeijingorShanghai?
  —Chengdu,Ithink.
  A.HowB.WhatC.WhenD.Which
  30.—________isthestreetcrowdedwithsomanypeople?
  —Becausetheyarewaitingtowatchtheboatraces.
  A.WhyB.WhereC.HowD.Who
  31.ShuHowLinisnowoneof________basketballplayersintheNBA.
  A.popularB.lesspopular
  C.morepopularD.themostpopular
  32.—Whatshouldwedotoreducefoodwaste?
  —Inarestaurantonlyorderas________asweneedandtrytoeatitup.
  A.muchB.moreC.mostD.many
  33.—Look,________isdancingunderthetree.
  —Oh,that'smycousin,Anna.
  A.everybodyB.anybodyC.nobodyD.somebody
  34.Alicelikesdoinghousework.She________herroomeveryafternoon.
  A.cleansB.cleaned
  C.iscleaningD.hascleaned
  35.Thechemicalsinthevegetablesandfruitarebad________ourhealth.
  A.fromB.withC.ofD.for
  六、完形填空(每小题1分,共10分)(词数:约140;建议用时:7分钟)
  Atrainstoppedatasmallstation.Anoldmanonthetrain________(36)outofthewindowand________(37)awoman.Thewomanwassellingcakes,andmanypeoplefrom________(38)trainwerebuyingthem.Theoldmanwantedtobuyacake,________(39)thewomanwasstandingfarfromhim.Itwasraininghardandhedidn'twanttogooutofthetrain.
  Suddenlyhesawaboy.Theboywaswalkingontheplatform(站台)________(40)fromhim.Soheshouted,“Comehere,boy.Doyouknow________(41)eachofthecakesis?”“Fivecents(美分),”theboyanswered.Theoldmangavetheboy________(42)centsandaskedhimtobuy________(43).“Oneisforme,andtheotherisforyou.”
  Sometime________(44),theboycameback.Hewaseatingacake.Hegavetheoldmanfivecentsandsaid,“Sorry,therewasonly________(45).”
  36.A.tookB.lookedC.wentD.got
  37.A.sawB.heardC.helpedD.looked
  38.A.aB.anC./D.the
  39.A.soB.butC.orD.then
  40.A.notfarB.notnearC.nearD.in
  41.A.howmanyB.howmuchC.whatD.how
  42.A.fifteenB.twentyC.tenD.five
  43.A.twocakesB.threecakes
  C.fourcakesD.onecake
  44.A.afterB.laterC.lateD.before
  45.A.onecakeB.twocakes
  C.somecakesD.threecakes
  七、阅读理解(每小题2分,共30分)
  A
  (词数:约130;建议用时:4分钟)
  ThefollowingisaQUIZ(自测)fromamagazine
  Questions1Point2Points3Points
  Wheredoyoulive?inavillageinatowninacity
  Howdoyougotowork/school?bywalking/bicyclebytrain/bus/subwaybydrivingasmallcar
  Howmanytimesayeardoyouflyonairplanes?123
  Howmanyhoursofelectricitydoyouuseeachday(e.g.watchingTV,keepinglightson)?0—6hours6—12
  hours12—18
  hours
  Howoftendoyourecycle?almostalwaysoftensometimes
  TotalPointsResult
  7Lesspollutionthantheaverage(平均)person
  8—10Asmuchpollutionastheaverageperson
  11—13Alittlemorepollutionthantheaverageperson
  14—15Alotmorepollutionthantheaverageperson
  46.Whichofthefollowingmakestheleastpollution?
  A.Livingprettywellinabigcity.
  B.Flyingonplanesonlytwiceayear.
  C.Almostalwaysrecyclingusedthings.
  D.Using15hoursofelectricityeachday.
  47.Howmanypointsdoestheaveragepersonget?
  A.7points.B.8—10points.
  C.11—13points.D.14—15points.
  48.Tomlivesinacity,goestoworkbysubway,fliesonairplanesonceayear,uses15hoursofelectricityaday,andsometimesrecyclesusedthings.Howmanypointsdoesheget?
  A.11points.B.12points.
  C.13points.D.14points.
  49.Whatshouldwedotoavoidmakingmorepollution?
  A.Gotoschoolonfoot.
  B.Usingmorethan12hoursofelectricityeveryday.
  C.Neverrecycleusedthings.
  D.Gotoworkbycar.
  50.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthequiz?
  A.WhereDoYouLive?
  B.WhatDoYouRecycle?
  C.WhyDoWeTravel?
  D.HowGreenAreYou?
  B(词数:约190;建议用时:6分钟)
  ChrisandJessicaliveinMiami,Florida.Theyarepacking(收拾行李)now.They'regoingawayforathreeweekvacationtomorrow.They'regoingtorent(租)ahousenearasmalllakeabout100milesnorthofthecity.
  Chrisisacarpenter(木匠)andheworkshard.Heoftenworkstenhoursaday,andhemakesgoodmoney.Hehelpstobuildandrepairhouses.HelikeshisjobandMiami.
  Jessicaspendsalotoftimeworkinginherofficeandtakingpeopletoseehouses.Herjobandherfamilykeepherbusy.Shegetslittletimetoreadandrelaxduringtheyear.
  ChrisandJessicaenjoythequietofthecountry.Chrislovesfishing.Heisgoingtorentaboatandhewillgofishingonthelakeforfourorfivehourseverydayduringthevacation.
  Jessicadoesn'tlikefishing,butshe'sanexcellentswimmer.Sheisgoingswimmingeveryafternoonduringthevacation.Afterthat,shewillsitintheyardandreadforafewhours.Sheespeciallylikestoreadnovels.
  BothChrisandJessicabelievethattheywillhaveagreattimethere!
  51.ChrisandJessicaarepackingbecause________.
  A.theywilltakeavacation
  B.they'llrentanotherboattolivein
  C.theyaregoingfishing
  D.theyaresellingtheirhouse
  52.Chrisisa________.
  A.fishermanB.writer
  C.teacherD.carpenter
  53.Jessicawillswim________duringthevacation.
  A.onceaweekB.everyafternoon
  C.twiceadayD.everymorning
  54.Jessicawillreadnovels________.
  A.beforeswimmingB.beforelunch
  C.afterswimmingD.aftersupper
  55.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaccordingtothepassage?
  A.Chriswillbuyaboattogofishing.
  B.IttakesJessicalotsoftimetoworkinheroffice.
  C.Jessicahaslittletimetoreadandrelaxduringtheyear.
  D.Chrismakesgoodmoney.
  C(词数:约220;建议用时:6分钟)
  JaneGoodallisafamousscientist.Formorethan40years,GoodalllivedmostlyinTanzaniainEastAfrica,studyingchimpanzees.
  Asayoungchild,JaneGoodallwasinterestedinanimals.ShegrewupintheEnglishcountrysideandwasalwaysclimbingtreesorridinghorses.
  WhenJanewas23,shegotachancetogotoAfrica.Eventhoughshehadneverbeentocollege,shegotajobwithafamousscientistnamedLouisLeakey.
  OnedayLouisLeakeysaidheneededavolunteer.HeneededsomeonetogotoalakeinTanzaniatostudyakindofchimpanzees.Janewasexcited.
  OnJuly16,1960,shebeganherexploration(探索).Atfirst,thechimpanzeesranawayfromJane.Butwithtimepassing,theygotusedtoherbeingaround.
  Everyday,Janewouldfollowthechimpanzees,takingnotesontheirbehavior.Shelearnedmanynewthingsaboutchimpanzees.Shewatchedhowachimpanzeemadeatool.Shelearnedhowsomechimpanzeesbecamegoodleaders.Shewatchedhowmotherchimpanzeesraisedtheirchildren.Shewatchedanimalsgetangryandgetupset.Shewroteeverythingdownsootherswouldunderstandanimalsasshedid.Shelearnedthatifyoupayreallycloseattentiontoanimals,youwillunderstandwhattheyare“saying”.
  56.Whatisthebesttitleofthepassage?
  A.JaneGoodall'scollegelife
  B.JaneGoodall'sfamily
  C.JaneGoodall,afamousscientist
  D.JaneGoodallandLouisLeakey
  57.Whatisthecorrectorderofthefollowingaccordingtothepassage?
  a.JanewenttoAfrica.
  b.Janestartedherexploration.
  c.JaneworkedwithLouisLeakey.
  d.Janewasborninthecountryside.
  e.Janefollowedchimpanzees.
  A.daebcB.bacde
  C.adcbeD.dacbe
  58.LouisLeakeychoseJaneGoodallasavolunteerto________.
  A.planttreesB.raisehorses
  C.studychimpanzeesD.doexperiments
  59.Jane________thechimpanzees'behaviortohelpothersunderstandthem.
  A.wrotedownB.tookpicturesof
  C.madevideosofD.drewpicturesabout
  60.Fromthepassagewecaninfer(推断)that________.
  A.motherchimpanzeesraisetheirchildren
  B.peoplecancommunicatewithanimals
  C.animalsdon'tgetexcited
  D.chimpanzeesmaketools
  八、根据句意及首字母或汉语提示,完成句中所缺单词(每小题1分,共5分)
  61.Jackalwaysworkshardandhesetsagoode________forus.
  62.Wherethere'slife,there'sh________.
  63.—Doyoulikekeeping________(日记)?
  —No,IfeelIhavenothingtowritedown.
  64.—Whyisitnoisyintheroom?
  —Becauseitis________(满的)ofpeople.
  65.________(几乎)everyoneknowsthatheisafamouswriter.
  九、选词或短语填空(每小题1分,共5分)
  66.Thechildrendon't__________________theirsafetywhentheyarehavingagoodtime.
  67.Nowyoucanbuythebooks____________becausetheyareonsale.
  68.—Couldyougivemesomethingtoeat?I'm____________now.
  —OK.Hereyouare.
  69.Mydaughter__________________criesloud.Sheisaquietgirl.
  70.—Howlongdidyouwritethestory?
  —____________3days.
  十、补全对话(每小题2分,共10分)
  根据对话内容,在每个空缺处填入一个适当的词,使整段对话意思完整
  (每空限填一词)
  A:Hello!AreyouLinMing?
  B:Yes,Iam.
  A:Youlookthe________(71)asyourtwinbrother,LinDong.
  B:Asyoucansee,insomeways,welookthesame,________(72)wealsohavesomedifferences.
  A:What'rethey?
  B:Thoughwe________(73)haveyellowhair,myhairisshorterthanhis.I'mgoodatplayingfootball,buthedoeswellindrawing.
  A:And?
  B:I'm________(74)outgoingbutheisquieter.Helikestostayathome.
  A:________(75)istaller,youorLinDong?
  B:I'mmuchtallerthanhimbecauseIdomoreexercise.
  十一、任务型阅读(每小题2分,共10分)(词数:约260;建议用时:6分钟)
  阅读短文,根据短文内容完成文后的句子
  In1901,KarlLandsteiner,anAustrianscientist,discoveredthattherearefourtypesofblood.ThesefourbloodtypeswerenamedA,B,ABandO.Peoplehaveoneofthesefourtypes.
  BloodtypeOisthemostcommonaroundtheworld.BloodtypeAisthesecondmostcommon,andtypeABistheleastcommon.IfpeoplewithtypeAbloodaregiventypeBblood,orpeoplewithtypeBbloodaregiventypeAblood,theywillprobablydie.
  In1927,aJapanesedoctor,FurukawaTakeji,carriedoutresearchandcameupwiththeideathatpeoplewithdifferentbloodtypesalsohaddifferentpersonalities.HesaidthatpeoplewithtypeAbloodareusuallycalmandserious;peoplewithtypeBbloodarecurious,cheerfulandoutgoing;peoplewithtypeObloodaregenerousandhonest;thosewithtypeABbloodareoftencaring,originalandcareful.
  Morerecently,adoctorintheUnitedStateswroteabookthatlinksbloodtypesandwhatpeopleeat.Forexample,hisbooksuggestspeoplewithtypeObloodshouldeatmoremeatandlessbread.AdietforpeoplewithtypeAbloodincludesmorevegetables.Hisbook,EatRightforYourType,hasbeenahitwithpeoplewhowanttoloseweight.However,Dr.PeterD'Adamobelievesthateatingfoodthatmatchesaperson'sbloodtypecandomorethanhelpthemloseweight.Hethinksitwillmakethepersonhealthierinotherways,too.
  76.TheAustrianscientist,KarlLandsteinerfoundthatthereare________________________.
  77.PeoplewithtypeBbloodwillbeindangeriftheyaregiven________________.
  78.TheJapanesedoctorfoundpeoplewithtypeBbloodareusually________________________________.
  79.AnAmericandoctorfoundtherewasarelationshipbetweenbloodtypesand________________.
  80.Dr.PeterD'Adamothinks________________________________________________willmakethepersonhealthierinotherways,too.
  十二、书面表达(15分)
  “运动与健康”是当今备受关注的话题。请根据下列提示,写一篇60词左右的
  短文。
  提示:①注重健康,劳逸结合;②饮食平衡,不吃垃圾食品;③经常打篮球。
  注意:开头已给出,不计入总词数。
  Hello,mynameisDave.Icareaboutmyhealth.
  _______________________________________________________________________
  _______________________________________________________________________
  第一学期期中测试卷
  第Ⅰ卷听力部分
  听力材料:
  一、1.Hisgrandmadoesn'tliketalentshows.
  2.What'stheworstmovietheater?
  3.Lily'shairisshorterthanhersister's.
  4.IusuallyplaycomputergamesonSaturday.
  5.Didyoubuyanythingspecial?
  二、6.Noneofuslikesthemathlesson.
  7.Showmeyourphotoswhenyoucomeback.
  8.Themonkeysareveryclever,butIlikethepandasbetter.
  9.Myfatheralwayswalkstowork.
  10.MrLiiskindandfriendlytohisstudents.
  三、11.W:Howmanystudentsarethereinyourclass?
  M:48.Andthereare28girlsinmyclass.
  Q:Howmanyboystudentsarethereintheboy'sclass?
  12.W:IsDoctorWangheretoday?
  M:No.He'satamedicalmeetingandwon'tbebackuntilnextThursday.
  Q:WhencanthewomancometoseeDoctorWang?
  13.W:Oh,look!Thebusiscoming.
  M:No,it'satruck.
  W:Oh,yes,butitlookslikeabus.
  Q:Whatdotheysee?
  14.W:Dad,howlongarewestayinginCanadaforvacation?
  M:Oh,dear.WearestayingtherefromMondaytoFriday.
  Q:Howlongarethegirl'sfamilystayinginCanadaforvacation?
  15.W:Wheredoesyourgrandpalive?
  M:HeliveswithusinBeijing,buthelivedinShanghaiayearago.
  Q:Wheredoestheboy'sgrandpalivenow?
  四、TherewasaconcertintheTownTheater.Theticketswereexpensive.ButSusanboughtone.Shewentthereearlyandlistenedtothesingerscarefully.Shelikesmusicverymuch.Everydayshegetsupearlyandsingsbythelakebehindthehouse.MissLiishermusicteacher.SheoftenteachesSusanhowtosingwell.Sheisfriendlytoeveryone.Allthestudentslikeher.
  听力答案:
  一、1.C2.B3.B4.B5.A
  二、6.B7.B8.A9.B10.A
  三、11.C12.C13.A14.C15.A
  四、16.B17.A18.B19.A20.A
  第Ⅱ卷笔试部分
  五、21.B点拨:由句意可知,第一个空表泛指且vacation以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a;第二空表示特指。故选B。
  22.A
  23.B点拨:考查副词词义辨析。really“真正地”;hardly“几乎不”;nearly“几乎”;clearly“清晰地”。此处表示“在那时我几乎不能控制自己的感情”,故选B。
  24.D
  25.A点拨:stoptodosth.意为“停下(一件事)去做另一件事”;stopdoingsth.意为“停止正在做的事”。由句意可知选A。
  26.C
  27.B点拨:all“全部”,指三者或三者以上;both“两者都”;neither“两者都不”;either“(两者中的)任何一个”。根据常识可知,马路有两边,故排除A项。由句中的关键词sides可知either不合题意,排除D项。结合句意“我的家乡正变得越来越美丽,马路两边都种植着花草树木。”可知,both符合题意。
  28.A
  29.D点拨:词语辨析法。考查疑问词的辨析。how如何;what什么;when什么时候;which哪一个。根据问句句意“成都、北京和上海,你想要选择在哪里居住?”可知选择答案D。
  30.A
  31.D点拨:考查形容词的最高级。“oneofthe+形容词最高级+可数名词复数”表示“……中最……之一”,故答案选D。
  32.A
  33.D点拨:上句句意:看,有人正在树下跳舞。表示“某人”且用于肯定句中用somebody;在否定句中用anybody;everybody意为“每一个人”;nobody意为“没有人”。故选D。
  34.A
  35.D点拨:考查介词用法。句意:在蔬菜和水果里的化学物质对我们的健康有害。bebadfor是固定搭配,意为“对……有害”。
  六、36.B点拨:固定搭配法。lookoutofthewindow“向窗外看”,搭配其他词不合情理。
  37.A点拨:see“看到”,强调结果;look“看”,强调过程,不可直接跟宾语,跟宾语时,用lookat。故此处要用表示强调结果的see。
  38.D点拨:已经不是第一次提到这列火车,故应该用定冠词。39.B
  40.A
  41.B点拨:由下文可知是询问价格,故用howmuch。
  42.C
  43.A点拨:从下文可看出是让他买两个蛋糕。
  44.B点拨:sometimelater过了一段时间。
  45.A
  七、A46.C点拨:细节理解题。由第二个表格可知,得分越少,制造的污染越少。所以从第一个表格中选择分数最少的项目可以得知,经常回收用过的东西制造污染最少,故选C。
  47.B点拨:细节理解题。由第二个表格第二行Asmuchpollutionastheaverageperson可知,8到10分是人们的平均得分。故选B。
  48.B
  49.A
  50.D点拨:主旨大意题。由问卷大意可知是绿色环保的主题。住的地方、回收东西、选择交通工具都只是其中的一部分,不能概括。故选D。
  B51~55:ADBCA
  C56.C点拨:主旨大意题。通读全文可知本文讲的是科学家JaneGoodall的经历,而答案C项最合适,所以选C。
  57.D点拨:细节理解题。通读全文可知文章讲了JaneGoodall的出生地、JaneGoodall去了非洲、JaneGoodall和LouisLeakey一起工作、JaneGoodall开始探索,最后讲了JaneGoodall开始研究大猩猩,故答案选D。
  58.C点拨:细节理解题。由第四段的第一、二句可知LouisLeakey需要一个志愿者研究大猩猩,故答案选C。
  59.A60.B
  八、61.example62.hope
  63.diaries64.full65.Almost
  九、66.careabout67.cheaply
  68.hungry69.hardlyever70.Lessthan
  十、71.same72.but73.both74.more75.Who
  十一、76.fourtypesofblood77.typeAblood
  78.curious,cheerfulandoutgoing79.food
  80.eatingfoodthatmatchesaperson'sbloodtype
  十二、范文:
  Hello,mynameisDave.Icareaboutmyhealth.WhenI'mtired,Iwillhavearest.Ieatabalanceddiet.Ieatfruitandvegetableseveryday.Inevereatjunkfood.Iexerciseevery__day①.Basketballismyfavoritesport.Iplaybasketballwithmyfriendseveryday.Itmakesmerelaxed__and__healthy②.Abalanceddietandenough③exercisehelpmestudybetter④.

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